Working Hard or Hardly Working? Who are Canada’s Working Poor?

Alfredo Conde, Alexa R. Ferdinands, Maria Mayan

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Working poverty in Canada is shrouded in mystery and misconception due to the little attention given to this area in research and policy-making. We performed an analysis of working poverty in Canada by using data from the Canadian Income Survey and conducted a binomial logistic regression to discuss the general profile of the working poor and the determinants of working poverty. We found that the working poor have high rates of post-secondary education and worked full-time hours. Moreover, being an immigrant, a single-earner (e.g., unattached individual, lone-parent family, single-earning household), and being self-employed were determinants of working poverty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-373
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Poverty
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Poverty
  • binomial logistic regression
  • poverty elimination
  • working poor


Dive into the research topics of 'Working Hard or Hardly Working? Who are Canada’s Working Poor?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this