Understanding the Influence of Web-Based Information, Misinformation, Disinformation, and Reinformation on COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance: Protocol for a Multicomponent Study

Eve Dubé, Shannon E. MacDonald, Terra Manca, Julie A. Bettinger, S. Michelle Driedger, Janice Graham, Devon Greyson, Noni E. MacDonald, Samantha Meyer, Geneviève Roch, Maryline Vivion, Laura Aylsworth, Holly O. Witteman, Félix Gélinas-Gascon, Lucas Marques Sathler Guimaraes, Hina Hakim, Dominique Gagnon, Benoît Béchard, Julie A. Gramaccia, Richard KhourySébastien Tremblay

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has generated an explosion in the amount of information shared on the internet, including false and misleading information on SARS-CoV-2 and recommended protective behaviors. Prior to the pandemic, web-based misinformation and disinformation were already identified as having an impact on people’s decision to refuse or delay recommended vaccination for themselves or their children. Objective: The overall aims of our study are to better understand the influence of web-based misinformation and disinformation on COVID-19 vaccine decisions and investigate potential solutions to reduce the impact of web-based misinformation and disinformation about vaccines. Methods: Based on different research approaches, the study will involve (1) the use of artificial intelligence techniques, (2) a web-based survey, (3) interviews, and (4) a scoping review and an environmental scan of the literature. Results: As of September 1, 2022, data collection has been completed for all objectives. The analysis is being conducted, and results should be disseminated in the upcoming months. Conclusions: The findings from this study will help with understanding the underlying determinants of vaccine hesitancy among Canadian individuals and identifying effective, tailored interventions to improve vaccine acceptance among them.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere41012
JournalJMIR Research Protocols
Volume11
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct. 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • disinformation
  • misinformation
  • online
  • vaccination
  • vaccine
  • vaccine decisions
  • vaccine hesitancy

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