Background: Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis is likely a primary mechanism for both the anti-inflammatory and ulcerogenic effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The present study examined the mechanism underlying the ability of a novel anti-inflammatory drug, tepoxalin, to suppress prostaglandin synthesis without inducing gastric mucosal injury. Methods: The effects on prostaglandin synthesis by various tissues of tepoxalin, diclofenac, and indomethacin were examined in vivo and in vitro. These compounds were also studied in two inflammation models. The capacity of indomethacin and tepoxalin to induced antral ulceration in the rabbit was compared. Results: In most tissues, tepoxalin was a weaker inhibitor of prostaglandin synthesis than the two NSAIDs. However, at a site of peripheral inflammation, tepoxalin was comparable with the NSAIDs in suppressing prostaglandin synthesis and in exerting anti-inflammatory effects. Indomethacin induced penetrating antral ulcers in rabbits whereas tepoxalin produced no detectable mucosal injury. Conclusions: The ability of tepoxalin to suppress inflammation without causing gastric mucosal injury appears to be related to its differential suppression of prostaglandin synthesis in various tissues. Compounds that selectively inhibit prostaglandin synthesis at sites of inflammation may represent a class of anti-inflammatory drugs without detrimental effects on the stomach.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Dec. 1993|