Abstract This paper answers the question,‘what is the state?’as posed in Abrams (1988) and Denis (1989), by examining Sayer's (1987) realist reconception of ‘relations of production’ and their ‘ideal superstructures’. It suggests that Sayer's alternative to ‘traditional’ marxism warrants a reappraisal of the relationship between Marx and Foucault. It concludes that ‘civil society’ and ‘the state’ are Janus‐faces of production relations, generated by Foucault's ‘disciplinary practices’.
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Journal of Historical Sociology|
|Publication status||Published - Sep. 1992|