The roles of multinational enterprises in implementing the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals at the local level

Monida Eang, Amelia Clarke, Eduardo Ordonez-Ponce

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multinational enterprises (MNEs) play a fundamental role in advancing the implementation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs), as they enable cities and communities to reach large-scale solutions. In this article, we analyze 348 MNEs’ sustainability reports with explicit reference to the SDGs to identify the different roles that MNEs play in advancing the SDGs at the local level. Through qualitative content analysis, the literature on MNEs’ roles was validated, extended, and two new roles were found. The five roles of MNEs in local sustainable development that were validated are financer, community capacity builder, product and service provider, partner, and innovator. The three that were extended are employee developer, supply chains and procurement developer, and program deliver, while the two new additions are consultant and awareness raiser. The results of bivariate analyses show that some MNE roles are correlated to headquarter region and the industry sector. The 10 roles are also relevant for implementing all 17 SDGs and 102 of the 169 SDG targets. JEL CLASSIFICATION: M14.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-97
Number of pages19
JournalBRQ Business Research Quarterly
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan. 2023

Keywords

  • International business
  • community sustainability
  • cross-sector partnerships
  • sustainability reports
  • sustainable cities

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