The Role of Socioeconomic Status and Control Beliefs on Frequency of Exercise During and After Cardiac Rehabilitation

Terra Murray, Wendy Rodgers

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Exercise is considered a key component of rehabilitation for heart patients, yet adherence to exercise remains problematic. This study examined the role of socioeconomic status, patients' perception of control over their heart problem and self-efficacy beliefs on exercise during and after cardiac rehabilitation. Methods: A prospective design was used. Measures were assessed prior to beginning rehabilitation, at the end of rehabilitation, and 1 month post rehabilitation. Results: There were 107 participants (Mean age=59 years; 85% men) enrolled in the rehabilitation program who completed the study. Regression analysis showed that initial exercise capacity and patients' perception of control over their heart problem prior to starting rehabilitation predicted exercise during the rehabilitation period. Patients scheduling self-efficacy beliefs at the end of the rehabilitation was the key predictor of exercise 1 month post rehabilitation. Conclusions: Findings support the role of multiple kinds of control beliefs, including conceptualising self-efficacy in terms of multiple dimensions. Further, there may be different motivational influences on exercise performed during rehabilitation than exercise performed after rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-66
Number of pages18
JournalApplied Psychology: Health and Well-Being
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar. 2012

Keywords

  • Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Control beliefs
  • Exercise
  • Self-efficacy
  • Socioeconomic status

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Role of Socioeconomic Status and Control Beliefs on Frequency of Exercise During and After Cardiac Rehabilitation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this