The Political Embeddedness of Entrepreneurship in Extreme Contexts: The Case of the West Bank

Farzad H. Alvi, Ajnesh Prasad, Paulina Segarra

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


This article underscores the need for entrepreneurship research in extreme contexts to conceptualize the idiosyncrasies of the geopolitical dynamics under which entrepreneurs operate, and to consider the ethical implications emanating thereof. Undertaking such a task will illuminate the contextual challenges that local entrepreneurs must routinely placate, or otherwise navigate, to survive. Drawing on rich qualitative data from the Occupied Palestinian Territory of the West Bank, this paper demonstrates one avenue by which to capture the nuances of an extreme context in relation to its effects on the entrepreneurial process. Specifically, it shows how data collected at myriad institutional sites—from actors that are not only directly, but also tangentially, connected to entrepreneurship in the local market—can effectively unveil the vicissitudes of the extreme context. This article further contends that a comprehensive and a holistic understanding of the extreme context will move toward revealing the nature of political embeddedness of entrepreneurs in their institutionally unstable environment—a concern that is especially conspicuous in geopolitical areas that would qualify as being extreme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-292
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Business Ethics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun. 2019


  • Conflict zones
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Extreme contexts
  • Palestine
  • Political embeddedness


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