Luminescence-dating chronologies that have been reported in various studies of Late Pleistocene arid-land aeolian sequences from Australia, southern Africa and South America are reviewed with the objective of determining whether any pan-hemispheric synchroneity existed in the timing of landscape responses to Late Quaternary climate changes south of the equator. The results broadly show that contemporaneous regional arid-land aeolian activity occurred in Australia and southern Africa during the periods ca 65-41 and 36-9 ka. The relatively limited luminescence data from the South American subcontinent also point to recurrent arid-land aeolian deposition between 63 and 8 ka, with increasing frequency in the period ca 32-8 ka. Records from all three continents suggest a period of reduced aeolian activity between 41 and 36 ka. Overall, the data are indicative of extensive landscape instability of the low to mid-latitudes in the Southern Hemisphere during the last glacial period, particularly at the Last Glacial Maximum, which accords with mainstream opinions. Aeolian activity during the Holocene has generally been localised. The rigour with which comparisons can be made between the different studies, however, is constrained by variations in practices between laboratories and changes that have occurred to luminescence dating procedures over the years.
|Number of pages||29|
|Journal||Quaternary Science Reviews|
|Publication status||Published - Dec. 2005|