Stakeholder Participation in System Change: A New Conceptual Model

Tammy O'Rourke, Kathryn S. Higuchi, William Hogg

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: A recent change in Canada's primary care system led to the introduction of Nurse Practitioner-Led clinics. The literature suggests that stakeholders can influence system change initiatives. However, very little is known about healthcare stakeholder motivations, particularly stakeholders who are seen as resistors to change.

AIM: To examine stakeholder participation in the system change process that led to the introduction of the first Nurse Practitioner-Led clinic in Ontario.

METHODS: This single case study included two site visits, semistructured individual tape-recorded interviews, and the examination of relevant public documents. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the data.

RESULTS: Sixteen individuals from different healthcare sectors and professions participated in the interviews and 20 documents were reviewed. Six key themes emerged from the data. Linking Evidence to Action The findings from the study present a new perspective on stakeholder participation that includes both those who supported the proposed change and those who advocated for a different change. The findings identify stakeholder activities used to shape, share, and protect their visions for system change. The conceptual model presented in this study adds to the understanding of challenges and complexities involved in healthcare system change. Understanding why and how stakeholders participate in change can help healthcare leaders in planning activities to enhance stakeholder involvement in healthcare system change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-269
Number of pages9
JournalWorldviews on evidence-based nursing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug. 2016


  • case study
  • model
  • nurse Practitioner
  • stakeholder participation
  • system change


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