Randomized controlled trial of the effects of print materials and step pedometers on physical activity and quality of life in breast cancer survivors

Jeffrey K.H. Vallance, Kerry S. Courneya, Ronald C. Plotnikoff, Yutaka Yasui, John R. Mackey

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

267 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the effects of breast cancer-specific print materials and step pedometers on physical activity (PA) and quality of life (QoL) in breast cancer survivors. Patients and Methods: Breast cancer survivors (N = 377) were randomly assigned to receive one of the following: a standard public health recommendation for PA, previously developed breast cancer-specific PA print materials, a step pedometer, or a combination of breast cancer-specific print materials and step pedometers. The primary outcome was self-reported moderate/vigorous PA minutes per week. Secondary outcomes were QoL (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast), fatigue, self-reported brisk walking, and objective step counts. Assessments were conducted at baseline and postintervention (12 weeks). Results: Attrition was 10.3% (39 of 377). On the basis of linear mixed-model analyses, PA increased by 30 minutes/week in the standard recommendation group compared with 70 minutes/week in the print material group (mean difference, 39 minutes/week; 95% CI = -10 to 89; d = 0.25; P = .117), 89 minutes/week in the pedometer group (mean difference, 59 minutes/week; 95% CI, 11 to 108; d = 0.38; P = .017), and 87 minutes/week in the combined group (mean difference, 57 minutes/week; 95% CI, 8 to 106; d = 0.37; P = .022). For brisk walking minutes/week, all three intervention groups reported significantly greater increases than the standard recommendation group. The combined group also reported significantly improved QoL (mean difference, 5.8; 95% CI, 2.0 to 9.6; d = 0.33; P = .003) and reduced fatigue (mean difference, 2.3; 95% CI, 0.0 to 4.7; d = 0.25; P = .052) compared with the standard recommendation group. Conclusion: Breast cancer-specific PA print materials and pedometers may be effective strategies for increasing PA and QoL in breast cancer survivors. A combined approach appears to be optimal. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT00221221.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2352-2359
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume25
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun. 2007

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Randomized controlled trial of the effects of print materials and step pedometers on physical activity and quality of life in breast cancer survivors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this