Prevention and management of pain and stress in the neonate

J. A. Lemons, L. R. Blackmon, Jr Kanto, H. M. MacDonald, C. A. Miller, L. A. Papile, W. Rosenfeld, C. T. Shoemaker, M. E. Speer, M. F. Greene, P. Johnson, D. D. McMillan, S. Iyasu, L. L. Wright, R. Molteni, J. C. Langer, M. Escobedo, A. Fanaroff, R. M. Ward, B. A. BatesD. G. McCarver, D. A. Notterman, P. D. Walson, D. N. Weismann, J. T. Wilson, D. R. Bennett, R. Depp, T. Dvetkovich, O. R. Hagino, S. M. MacLeod, J. Mulinare, S. J. Yaffe, C. J. Cote, S. J. Szefler, L. J. Means, L. Ferrari, A. Bailey, Jr Brown, P. Davidson, P. J. Davis, J. K. Deshpande, T. J. Mancuso, M. Yaster, J. K. Hall, M. A. Rockoff, A. Coran, R. Andrassy, R. M. Arensman, R. Azizkhan, A. M. Kosloske, T. R. Weber, A. G. Coran, D. D. McMillan, A. Ohlsson, D. J. Davis, D. J. Faucher, J. E.E. Van Aerde, M. J. Vincer, R. Walker, J. Lemons, S. Saigal, C. Levitt, C. McCourt, D. Fraser-Askin, L. Leduc, R. Sauve, A. Taddio, B. Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

280 Citations (Scopus)


This statement is intended for health care professionals caring for neonates (preterm to 1 month of age). The objectives of this statement are to: 1. Increase awareness that neonates experience pain; 2. Provide a physiological basis for neonatal pain and stress assessment and management by health care professionals; 3. Make recommendations for reduced exposure of the neonate to noxious stimuli and to minimize associated adverse outcomes; and 4. Recommend effective and safe interventions that relieve pain and stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-461
Number of pages8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb. 2000


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