Pressure drop and flow distribution in a mini-hydrocyclone group: UU-type parallel arrangement

Cong Huang, Jian Gang Wang, Jun Ye Wang, Cong Chen, Hua Lin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Miniature hydrocyclones have received increasing attention due to their advantages of improved separation precision, low cost, easy operation and high stability. However, because of small treatment capacity of a single mini-hydrocyclone, numerous mini-hydrocyclones need to be connected in parallel to meet capacity of treatment for industrial applications. Thus, optimal method of parallel design of the numerous mini-hydrocyclones becomes a major challenge. In this paper, a general mathematical model was developed for a UU-type parallel mini-hydrocyclone group. Detailed analytical solutions were obtained to predict the pressure drop and flow distribution under different flow conditions and geometrical structures. Furthermore, an experimental apparatus with 12 HL/S25-type mini-hydrocyclones parallel in the UU-type arrangement was set up to verify the model under different inlet pressures. The results showed that the inlet pressure could be used to adjust uniformity of flow distribution. It was found that the theoretical pressure drop and flow distribution were in good agreement with the experimental data at 0.10 MPa. The percentage of relative error was within 8% and less than 5% for pressure drop distribution and for flow distribution, respectively. The present model also studied the influence of the split ratio on pressure drop and flow distribution since there were two exhaust headers. The uniformity of these distributions increased as the split ratio increased. The present methodology and results provide a simple yet powerful analysis that could assist in the design and optimization of new mini-hydrocyclone systems for industrial applications and commercialization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-150
Number of pages12
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Large scale separation
  • Mini-hydrocyclone group
  • Precision separation
  • Pressure drop and flow distribution
  • Uniformity


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