Positive Lifestyle Behavior Changes Among Canadian Men: Findings From the HAT TRICK Program

Cristina M. Caperchione, Joan L. Bottorff, Sean Stolp, Paul Sharp, Steven T. Johnson, John L. Oliffe, Kate Hunt

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    Purpose: To estimate program effectiveness regarding physical activity (PA), diet, and social connectedness as part of a feasibility study. Design: Pre-post quasi-experimental. Setting: HAT TRICK was delivered in collaboration with a Canadian semi-professional ice hockey team and offered at the arena where they trained and played games. Participants: Participants (N = 62) at baseline were overweight (BMI >25kg/m2) and inactive (<150 minutes of MVPA/week) men age 35+ years. Intervention: Gender-sensitized 12-week intervention for men targeting PA, healthy eating and social connectedness. Method: Baseline, post-intervention (12 weeks) and 9-month follow-up self-report and accelerometer data were collected. Multi-level modeling assessed growth trajectories of outcome measures across time. Results: Accelerometer measured weekly/min. of moderate PA showed significant linear trends (95%CI: 42.9 – 175.3) from baseline (147.0 ± 104.6), 12-week (237.7 ± 135.5) and 9-month follow-up (204.89 ± 137.7) qualified with a quadratic trend. Self-reported weekly/min of moderate and vigorous PA showed significant linear trends (95%CI: 94.1, 264.1; 95%CI: 35.1, 109.6) from baseline (52.6 ± 83.8, 22.42 ± 44.9), 12 week (160.1 ± 157.4, 66.6 ± 74.4) and 9-month follow-up (118.6 ± 104.6, 52.2 ± 59.2) qualified with quadratic trends. DINE measured fat score rating showed linear trends over time (95%CI -14.24, -6.8), qualified with a quadratic trend. DINE fibre score and social connectedness showed no trends. Conclusion: Findings yield valuable information about the implementation of gender-sensitized lifestyle interventions for men and demonstrate the importance of male-specific strategies for reaching and engaging overweight, physically inactive men.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)193-201
    Number of pages9
    JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Feb. 2021


    • diet
    • health behavior
    • men’s health
    • physical activity
    • social connectedness


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