Modeling microbial growth of dynamic membrane in a biohydrogen production bioreactor

Mojtaba Aghajani Delavar, Junye Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biohydrogen is renewable and has a huge potential to replace fossil fuels. Understanding mechanisms of controlling microbial processes of the dynamic membrane is critical for effective dark fermentative biohydrogen production in a dynamic membrane bioreactor (DMBR). This paper aims to develop a sophisticated model of biofilm growth, dynamic membrane formation, and dark fermentative hydrogen production within a platform of coupled lattice Boltzmann and cellular automata. The model was validated against the experimental data available and then was applied for the investigation of biohydrogen production in bioreactors under different membrane structures and inlet velocities. The results showed that porous twisted channels in the dynamic membrane could significantly affect biohydrogen extraction and biofilm patterns. In all cases, the dynamic membrane formation has three phases: the initial bacteria deposit, stable biofilm growth, and stable maximum biofilm biomass. The biohydrogen production could increase by 16.4% by optimizing the porous structure and increase 30%–40% of the hydrogen extraction. Inlet velocity also affects biohydrogen extraction in a range of −28.3%–71.2%. Both porous structure and inlet velocity would be critical operational parameters for continuous biohydrogen production. The present model demonstrated its capability to investigate dark fermentative hydrogen production and its potential applications to porous bioreactors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7666-7681
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume47
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb. 2022

Keywords

  • Biofilm growth
  • Bioreactor
  • Dark fermentation
  • Dynamic membrane bioreactor
  • Hydrogen production

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