Longitudinal frequency variation of long-lasting EMIC Pc1-Pc2 waves localized in the inner magnetosphere

K. H. Kim, K. Shiokawa, I. R. Mann, J. S. Park, H. J. Kwon, K. Hyun, H. Jin, M. Connors

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Long-lasting (> 20 h) electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) Pc1-Pc2 waves were observed by the Athabasca (L =∼ 4.6) induction magnetometer and Canadian Array for Realtime Investigations of Magnetic Activity (L =∼ 4-6) fluxgate magnetometers on 5 April 2007. These waves showed a systematic frequency change with local time, the minimum frequency near dusk, and the maximum frequency near dawn. Assuming the plasmapause as a potential source region of the waves, we estimated the plasmapause location from localized proton enhancement (LPE) events observed at NOAA-Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellites and METOP-2 satellites. We found that the longitudinal frequency variation of EMIC waves has a clear correlation with the estimated plasmapause location and that the waves are in the frequency band between the equatorial helium and oxygen gyrofrequencies at the estimated plasmapause. With our analysis results we suggest that the LPE events are caused by wave-particle interaction with the helium band EMIC waves generated near the plasmapause.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-1046
Number of pages8
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb. 2016


  • EMIC waves
  • Pc1ßšwaves
  • Plasmapause


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