Layer-by-layer assembly of epidermal growth factors on polyurethane films for wound closure

Abhilash Kulkarni, William Diehl-Jones, Sadegh Ghanbar, Song Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To facilitate the healing of chronic wounds, growth factors such as epidermal growth factor need to be safely encapsulated for their sustained and effective delivery to the wound bed. Using a layer-by-layer assembly technique, epidermal growth factor is successfully encapsulated on the surface of poly(acrylic acid)-modified polyurethane film. The amount of encapsulated epidermal growth factor is controlled by adjusting the number of chitosan/epidermal growth factor bilayers. A controlled release of epidermal growth factor from the surface of polyurethane film for a period of five days is achieved with well-retained bioactivity (over 90%) as evidenced by a cell proliferation assay. In an in vitro cellular wounding assay, the cell gap covered with the epidermal growth factor-loaded polyurethane film closes at a rate more than twice as fast as that covered with a control polyurethane film. Fluorescent staining of F-actin reveals that the released epidermal growth factor induces differences in cytoskeletal organization, suggesting that stimulated cell migration also contributes to the close of the cell gap.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-290
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biomaterials Applications
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug. 2014

Keywords

  • Delivery of EGF
  • LbL assembly
  • PU film
  • wound healing

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