Labour use efficiency in the Indian and Pakistani commercial banks

Shabbar Jaffry, Yaseen Ghulam, Joe Cox

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)


    The Indian and Pakistani banking industry is said to have an excessive use of labour due to the significant market share of government owned banks. Both countries have undertaken a process of regulatory reform to bring about market discipline in the usage of inputs and to increase the labour use efficiency and productivity. The focus of this paper is the estimation of productivity and efficiency of labour use in the banking sectors of the Indian sub-continent. The results show that the efficiency of labour use across the Indian sub-continent is improving over time and that foreign banks are more efficient compared to domestically owned banks in their usage of labour.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)259-293
    Number of pages35
    JournalJournal of Asian Economics
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Jun. 2008


    • Bank efficiency
    • Employment variance
    • Labour use
    • Regulatory reforms
    • Wage elasticity


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