Is the theory of planned behavior a useful framework for understanding exercise adherence during phase II cardiac rehabilitation?

Chris M. Blanchard, Kerry S. Courneya, Wendy M. Rodgers, Shawn N. Fraser, Terra C. Murray, Bill Daub, Bill Black

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the theory of planned behavior (TPB) as a framework for understanding exercise adherence during phase II cardiac rehabilitation (CR). METHODS: A total of 215 patients completed a baseline questionnaire that included the TPB constructs and past exercise. Exercise adherence was measured via program attendance during phase II CR. RESULTS: Hierarchic regression analyses indicated that attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control (PBC) explained 30% of the variance in exercise intention, with attitude, subjective norm, and PBC each making significant unique contributions to intention. Furthermore, exercise intention explained 12% of the variance in exercise adherence. Finally, the behavioral, normative, and control beliefs provided novel information concerning why patients in phase II CR hold certain attitudes, subjective norms, PBC, and exercise intentions. CONCLUSION: Results of the present study provide evidence that the TPB is a useful framework for understanding exercise intentions and adherence during phase II CR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-39
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan. 2003

Keywords

  • Exercise adherence
  • Theory of planned behavior

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