Interventions in maternal syphilis care globally: A scoping review

Georgia Dewart, Jessica Muller, J. Craig Phillips, Danielle Banaszak, Vera Caine

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Infectious and Congenital Syphilis rates continue to rise globally. Current recommendations for syphilis screening and treatment may be insufficient, and there is a pressing need for improved programs and services to address the increase in cases. A scoping review was conducted to examine approaches to maternal syphilis screening and treatment. Theoretical underpinnings and the key characteristics of these interventions were studied to identify gaps in the existing literature to guide future research. Developing a modified version of the socio-ecological model to guide data analysis, we included 33 academic studies spanning 31 years, covering a range of interventions, programs, and policies globally. We highlight key facets of interventions aligning with the five levels of the modified model that include: individual, interpersonal, institutional, community and policy. In this review, we provide valuable insights into the characteristics and principles of maternal syphilis screening and treatment interventions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHealth Care for Women International
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


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