Including parents in the evaluation of clinical microsystems in the neonatal intensive care unit

Misty D. Reis, Shannon D. Scott, Gwen R. Rempel

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)


    Neonatal intensive care is an area of healthcare that has experienced significant growth in recent years. As a result, "megaunits" of more than 60 beds are not uncommon. Delivering care in units of this size that incorporates the principles of family-centered care and that is satisfying to both staff and parents is challenging. One proposed method to enhance delivery of care in the megaunit NICU has been to implement a clinical microsystem approach. Up to now, research to evaluate the efficacy of a clinical microsystem has focused primarily on staff satisfaction and perception. However, implementing the clinical microsystem within the NICU requires that careful attention be paid to the parents and their experience and perception of their infant's care in the NICU. This article reviews the basic principles of familycentered care, identifies components of care that affect parents' satisfaction with NICU care, reviews the theoretical underpinnings of the clinical microsystem, and discusses areas for future research.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)174-179
    Number of pages6
    JournalAdvances in Neonatal Care
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Aug. 2009


    • Clinical microsystems
    • Communication
    • Family-centered care
    • Neonatal intensive care
    • Parent satisfaction
    • Parent-healthcare provider relationships


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