Public Significance Statement—Novice learners have difficulty seeing beyond surface features and recognizing deeper structures that define different types of problems. The current study shows that pretesting—answering questions about something before studying it—encourages novice learners to attend to and process the deeper structures of problems. Moreover, pretesting plays an important generative role above and beyond that of directing attention to key information.
|Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
|Published - 2020
- deep structure
- example-based learning