Healthcare providers’ interpretations of product labelling information developed through a consensus stakeholder approach

Terra A. Manca, Janice E. Graham, Noni E. MacDonald, Karina A. Top

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The World Health Organization recommends immunization with inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) and tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine during pregnancy. Yet, product labelling information for IIV and Tdap sends a different message. In a previous study, we developed evidence-based statements about vaccination in pregnancy that could be included in product information. This study compares healthcare providers’ perceptions of the revised statements to those currently used in vaccine product labelling information. Methods: A 30-item online survey with qualitative and quantitative components was distributed to Canadian maternal healthcare providers via professional organizations and public health. Participants read excerpts from revised and existing IIV and Tdap product labelling information and answered questions about how they perceived the safety and effectiveness of the vaccines, whether they would recommend each vaccine during pregnancy, and which statements they preferred. Results: From June to August 2018, 449 healthcare providers completed the survey, including physicians (45%), nurses (24%), midwives (27%) and others (5%). Most participants perceived the vaccines to be safe and effective based on the revised statements. Over twice as many participants said they would recommend the IIV and Tdap vaccines in pregnancy based on the revised rather than the existing statements (64% versus 21% for IIV and 63% versus 27% for Tdap). Most participants selected that the revised statements better explained the risks and benefits of vaccination in pregnancy (65% versus 21% for IIV; 51% versus 27% for Tdap). Qualitative comments highlighted the strengths of the revised statements and areas for improvement. Conclusions: The majority of participants demonstrated preferences for the revised IIV and Tdap product label statements over the existing statements. Comments suggested the revised statements include improvements to the evidence-base and readability. Involving stakeholders improved the development of product labelling information, but further improvement is needed to support the evidence-based use of vaccines in pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2652-2659
Number of pages8
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2021


  • Immunization
  • Influenza
  • Pertussis
  • Pregnancy
  • Product labelling information
  • Vaccination


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