Examining the Role of Social Support and Group Cohesion in Exercise Compliance

Shawn N. Fraser, Kevin S. Spink

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

    104 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The present study sought to examine the role of social support and group cohesion in the compliance behavior of females required to exercise for health-related reasons. Compliance behavior was assessed as attendance and dropout behavior. Participants (N = 49) drawn from a clinical exercise group completed questionnaires to assess cohesion and social support. Discriminant function analyses were able to discriminate between high and low attenders as well as between dropouts and graduates. Participants reporting high scores on the support provision of reliable alliance and the cohesion factor of ATG-Task, along with low scores on the social support provision of guidance, were more likely to attend a higher proportion of classes. For dropouts, participants with higher scores on the support provision of reliable alliance were less likely to drop out. As a secondary objective, it was found that cohesion and social support variables both contributed to the successful prediction of attendance.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)233-249
    Number of pages17
    JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
    Volume25
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun. 2002

    Keywords

    • Cohesion
    • Compliance
    • Exercise
    • Group
    • Social support

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