Efflux-mediated aminoglycoside and macrolide resistance in Burkholderia pseudomallei

Richard A. Moore, David Deshazer, Shauna Reckseidler, Ania Weissman, Donald E. Woods

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

    245 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, is intrinsically resistant to a wide range of antimicrobial agents including β- lactams, aminoglycosides, macrolides, and polymyxins. We used Tn5-OT182 to mutagenize B. pseudomallei to identify the genes involved in aminoglycoside resistance. We report here on the identification of AmrAB-OprA, a multidrug efflux system in B. pseudomallei which is specific for both aminoglycoside and macrolide antibiotics. We isolated two transposon mutants, RM101 and RM102, which had 8- to 128-fold increases in their susceptibilities to the aminoglycosides streptomycin, gentamicin, neomycin, tobramycin, kanamycin, and spectinomycin. In addition, both mutants, in contrast to the parent, were susceptible to the macrolides erythromycin and clarithromycin but not to the lincosamide clindamycin. Sequencing of the DNA flanking the transposon insertions revealed a putative operon consisting of a resistance, nodulation, division-type transporter, a membrane fusion protein, an outer membrane protein, and a divergently transcribed regulator protein. Consistent with the presence of an efflux system, both mutants accumulated [3H] dihydrostreptomycin, whereas the parent strain did not. We constructed an amr deletion strain, B. pseudomallei DD503, which was hypersusceptible to aminoglycosides and macrolides and which was used successfully in allelic exchange experiments. These results suggest that an efflux system is a major contributor to the inherent high-level aminoglycoside and macrolide resistance found in B. pseudomallei.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)465-470
    Number of pages6
    JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
    Volume43
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar. 1999

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