Distribution and bioconcentration of some elements in the edible mushroom Leccinum scabrum from locations in Poland

Jerzy Falandysz, Roland Treu, Daniela Meloni

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The element concentrations in the fruitbodies of Leccinum scabrum from two forested upland sites and one lowland site of different geochemical background were compared to topsoil concentrations. The aim of the study was to establish baseline concentration datasets, gain insight into the species' bioconcentration potential and to assess the impact of anthropogenic factors. The validated methods for analysis include inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and cold-vapor atomic absorption spectroscopy (CV–AAS). Bioinclusion (bioconcentration factor > 1) by L. scabrum was observed for the elements Ag, Cd, Cu, K, Hg, Mn, Na, Mg, P, Rb, and Zn. In contrast, the elements Al, Ba, Ca, Fe, Ni, and Sr as well as the toxic Pb were bioexcluded. Among these elements, the toxic elements Cd and Pb are noteworthy regarding the aspect of human mushroom consumption. The medians of Cd in caps of L. scabrum from the upland sites were in the range of 5.6–6.6 mg kg−1dm, with a maximum in an individual sample of 14 mg kg−1dm, which is in the range of concentrations reported previously for polluted soils. Lead concentrations were much lower, with medians in the range of 0.79–1.3 mg kg−1dm in caps and 0.48–0.59 mg kg−1dm in stipes. Mineral contents of L. scabrum appear to be the result of a complex interaction of a species’ characteristic physiology with local mineral soil geochemistry and with anthropogenic pollution factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-414
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • accumulation
  • food
  • forest topsoil
  • heavy metals
  • mushrooms
  • pollution
  • trace elements


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