Distance education in australia, europe and the americas

Adnan Qayyum, Olaf Zawacki-Richter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Most countries discussed in this book are not new to open and distance education, but there are many new developments in open and distance education in most countries. This chapter provides an analysis of ODE in Australia, Brazil, Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom and United States, according to what the authors have written about the status and trends in ODE in their countries. In the previous chapters, many notable issues and trends emerge about changes to ODE. These include: the size of ODE enrollments; the amount that ODE enrollments constitute HE enrollments as a whole; the rate of growth in ODE enrollments; the role of the private sector in providing ODE programs; the varied use of ICTs for ODE provision; the role and influence of government policy; the opportunities and challenges for ODE providers; the digital transformation of higher education more generally; and the role of ODE in growing the acceptance of education as a private good. These are the topics of this chapter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringerBriefs in Open and Distance Education
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

NameSpringerBriefs in Open and Distance Education
ISSN (Print)2509-4335
ISSN (Electronic)2509-4343


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