Determinants of lifestyle behavior in type 2 diabetes: Results of the 2011 cross-sectional survey on living with chronic diseases in Canada

Calypse B. Agborsangaya, Marianne E. Gee, Steven T. Johnson, Peggy Dunbar, Marie France Langlois, Lawrence A. Leiter, Catherine Pelletier, Jeffrey A. Johnson

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    18 Citations (Scopus)


    Background: Lifestyle behavior modification is an essential component of self-management of type 2 diabetes. We evaluated the prevalence of engagement in lifestyle behaviors for management of the disease, as well as the impact of healthcare professional support on these behaviors. Methods. Self-reported data were available from 2682 adult respondents, age 20 years or older, to the 2011 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada's diabetes component. Associations with never engaging in and not sustaining self-management behaviors (of dietary change, weight control, exercise, and smoking cessation) were evaluated using binomial regression models. Results: The prevalence of reported dietary change, weight control/loss, increased exercise and smoking cessation (among those who smoked since being diagnosed) were 89.7%, 72.1%, 69.5%, and 30.6%, respectively. Those who reported not receiving health professional advice in the previous 12 months were more likely to report never engaging in dietary change (RR = 2.7, 95% CI 1.8 - 4.2), exercise (RR = 1.7, 95% CI 1.3 - 2.1), or weight control/loss (RR = 2.2, 95% CI 1.3 - 3.6), but not smoking cessation (RR = 1.0; 95% CI: 0.7 - 1.5). Also, living with diabetes for more than six years was associated with not sustaining dietary change, weight loss and smoking cessation. Conclusion: Health professional advice for lifestyle behaviors for type 2 diabetes self-management may support individual actions. Patients living with the disease for more than 6 years may require additional support in sustaining recommended behaviors.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number451
    JournalBMC Public Health
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2013


    • Health behaviors
    • Health professional advice
    • Self-management
    • Type 2 diabetes


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