Daily pedometer steps among older men: Associations with health-related quality of life and psychosocial health

Jeff K. Vallance, Dean Eurich, Celeste Lavallee, Steven T. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. To determine the associations of daily pedometer steps with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and psychosocial health. Design. Cross-sectional. Setting. Alberta, Canada. Subjects. Three hundred eighty-five older-aged men 55 years of age and older. Measures. Subjects completed a mailed survey that assessed HRQoL (RAND-12 Health Status Inventory [RAND-12]), depression, anxiety, and satisfaction with life. Steps/day were assessed with a pedometer via a 3-day step-monitoring period. Analysis. Average pedometer steps/d were categorized into quartiles (Qs). The primary model assessed the association between average pedometer steps/d as the independent variable of interest and our dependent variables of interest (physical, mental, and global health component scores of the RAND-12). Results. For HRQoL, all three adjusted models (i.e., physical, mental, and global health) indicated a significant linear trend between HRQoL indices across pedometer step Qs, with participants in Q3 and Q4 demonstrating higher physical, mental, and global health compared to participants in the lowest Q of pedometer steps (Q1) (all p < .05). For depression, significant differences were observed between Q1 and Q3 (M diff = 3.3, p = .006, η2 = .019) and Q1 and Q4 (M diff = 2.7, p = .025, η2 = .013). Conclusion. Higher average steps/d were significantly associated with HRQoL across all domains. Oldermen in the higherQs of pedometer steps/d reported less depressive symptoms compared to those in the lowest Q of pedometer steps/d.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-298
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Motor Activity
  • Prevention Research
  • Quality of Life
  • Walking

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