Aim: To outline the main tenets of critical realism (CR), its use, and future application in nursing. Background: Little work has been done to discuss how CR can be applied to nursing research. Findings: The tenets of CR include recognition of reality independent of human perceptions, a generative view of causation in open systems, and a focus on explanations and methodological eclecticism using a postdisciplinary approach. Critical realism is useful for (1) understanding complex outcomes, (2) optimizing interventions, and (3) researching biopsychosocial pathways. Such questions are central to evidence-based practice, chronic disease management, and population health. Conclusions: Critical realism is philosophically strong and potentially useful for nursing research.
|Journal||Advances in Nursing Science|
|Publication status||Published - Oct. 2008|
- Nursing research