Closing the circle: the knowledge management spiral of project management

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19 Citations (Scopus)


Using Nonaka’s conceptual framework, we present empirical findings from a study on project management knowledge-sharing practices. Following a review of key concepts on competitive advantage and project management, we present our theoretical framework and methodology. The paper places our knowledge-sharing spiral findings in the context of an earlier multivariate study. Our findings support the Socialisation-Externalisation-Combination-Internalisation knowledge transfer model, as the majority of the correlations were highest as one moved between the four quadrants; the lowest correlation was between Externalisation and Combination. Although the correlations between the four modes of knowledge sharing did not consistently show strong enough relationships to support the view that project management as a whole was a source of temporary or sustained competitive advantage, the findings support the importance of emphasising knowledge development and sharing among all four quadrants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-441
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Knowledge Management Studies
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • competitive advantage
  • empirical study
  • knowledge-sharing spiral
  • project management


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