Fruiting bodies of Amanita muscaria and topsoil beneath from six background areas in northern regions of Poland were investigated for the concentration levels of Ag, Al, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Rb, Sr, and Zn. In addition, the bioconcentration factors (BCF values) were studied for each of these metallic elements. Similar to studies from other basidiomycetes, A. muscaria showed species-specific affinities to some elements, resulting in their bioconcentration in mycelium and fruiting bodies. This mushroom growing in soils with different levels of the geogenic metallic elements (Ag, Al, Ba, Ca, Co, Cu, Fe, Hg, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Rb, Sr, and Zn) showed signs of homeostatic accumulation in fruiting bodies of several of these elements, while Cd appeared to be accumulated at a rate dependent of the concentration level in the soil substrate. This species is an efficient bio-concentrator of K, Mg, Cd, Cu, Hg, Rb, and Zn and hence also contributes to the natural cycling of these metallic elements in forest ecosystems.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Environmental Science and Pollution Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sep. 2018|
- Amanita muscaria
- Geochemical cycle
- Metallic contaminants