Authorship classification in a resource constraint language using convolutional neural networks

Md Rajib Hossain, Mohammed Moshiul Hoque, M. Ali Akber Dewan, Nazmul Siddique, Md Nazmul Islam, Iqbal H. Sarker

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Authorship classification is a method of automatically determining the appropriate author of an unknown linguistic text. Although research on authorship classification has significantly progressed in high-resource languages, it is at a primitive stage in the realm of resource-constraint languages like Bengali. This paper presents an authorship classification approach made of Convolution Neural Networks (CNN) comprising four modules: embedding model generation, feature representation, classifier training and classifier testing. For this purpose, this work develops a new embedding corpus (named WEC) and a Bengali authorship classification corpus (called BACC-18), which are more robust in terms of authors' classes and unique words. Using three text embedding techniques (Word2Vec, GloVe and FastText) and combinations of different hyperparameters, 90 embedding models are created in this study. All the embedding models are assessed by intrinsic evaluators and those selected are the 9 best performing models out of 90 for the authorship classification. In total 36 classification models, including four classification models (CNN, LSTM, SVM, SGD) and three embedding techniques with 100, 200 and 250 embedding dimensions, are trained with optimized hyperparameters and tested on three benchmark datasets (BACC-18, BAAD16 and LD). Among the models, the optimized CNN with GloVe model achieved the highest classification accuracies of 93.45%, 95.02%, and 98.67% for the datasets BACC-18, BAAD16, and LD, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9478882
Pages (from-to)100319-100338
Number of pages20
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Authorship classification
  • Deep learning
  • Natural language processing
  • Resource constraint language
  • Semantic feature extraction


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