Associations of Daily Pedometer Steps and Self-Reported Physical Activity with Health-Related Quality of Life

Jeff Vallance, Dean Eurich, Paul Gardiner, Lorian Taylor, Steven Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this article is to examine associations of self-reported physical activity (PA) and pedometer steps with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among a population-based sample of older adults. Method: Adults ≥55 years (N = 1,296) were recruited through random-digit dialing and responded to a questionnaire via computer-assisted telephone interviewing methods. Questionnaires assessed demographic variables and validated measures of PA and HRQoL. Participants received a step pedometer and waist circumference tape measure via post. Results: Compared with participants in the low-step group (0-6,999 steps/day), participants in the high-step group (>10,000 steps/day) had significantly higher scores on mental health (Mdiff = 3.1, p <.001, confidence intervals [CI] = [1.8, 4.3]), physical health (Mdiff = 3.5, p <.001, CI = [2.2, 4.7]), and global health (Mdiff = 3.5, p <.001, CI = [2.3, 4.7]). Waist circumference and body mass index did not moderate any associations of pedometer steps and PA with HRQoL. Conclusion: Older adults exceeding established step thresholds reported significantly higher HRQoL indices compared with those achieving lower thresholds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-674
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun. 2016

Keywords

  • health-related quality of life
  • older adults
  • pedometer
  • physical activity

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