Abe’s womenomics policy, 2013-2020: Tokenism, gradualism, or failed strategy?

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Former Prime Minister Abe Shinzo left office with Japan’s “Womenomics” policy having fallen far short of its 2020 targets, and with its greatest achievement, the increase in female non-regular employment, largely reversed by the COVID-19 recession. Although significant initiatives have been undertaken in the provision of childcare, tax reform, and parental leave policy, elite opinions within the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, the government bureaucracy and the corporate sector militate against the mandatory regulations and political and social reforms that are still needed. These reforms are required because of the severity of Japan’s demographic and economic challenges, the limited political feasibility of mass immigration, and the deep structural inertia built into Japan’s employment system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5540
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Abe
  • Abenomics
  • Childcare
  • Gender equality
  • Parental leave
  • Womenomics


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