Purpose: To understand the effectiveness of a nurse-led transition intervention by analyzing qualitative data generated in the context of a clinical trial. Design & methods: Qualitative study of a two-session transition intervention conducted by registered nurses at two sites. Adolescents aged 16–17 years with moderate or complex congenital heart disease (CHD) had been randomized to a two-session transition intervention or usual care. Session 1 emphasized patient education including creation of a health passport and goal setting. Session 2, two months later, emphasized self-management. Qualitative data extracted from intervention logs, field notes and audio recordings of the sessions were analyzed for content and themes. Results: Data from 111 transition intervention sessions with 57 adolescents were analyzed. Creating a health passport, goal setting, and role-plays were the elements of the intervention most valued by participants. A typology of transition readiness was identified: 1) the independent adolescent (5%), already managing their own care; 2) the ready adolescent who was prepared for transition after completing the intervention (46%); 3) the follow-up needed adolescent who was still in need of extra coaching (26%), and 4) the at-risk adolescent who warranted immediate follow-up (14%). Baseline knowledge and transition surveys scores validated the typology. Conclusions: A two-session nursing intervention met the transition needs of approximately half of adolescents with CHD. However, additional transition-focused care was needed by 40% of participants (groups 3 and 4). Practice implications: These findings will guide pediatric nurses and other healthcare professionals to optimize an individualized approach for ensuring transition readiness for adolescents with CHD.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pediatric Nursing|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sep. 2021|
- Congenital heart disease
- Mixed methods
- Qualitative research